World Trauma Day, observed in October, emphasises the importance of saving and protecting a life during the most critical moments and preparing and applying critical measures to deal with and avoid trauma fatalities. World Trauma Day stresses that, trauma is a major cause of death and disability across the world. World Health Organization (WHO) research has shown that at least fifty percent of road deaths occurring in developing countries could have been prevented with effective intervention after trauma has occurred, that is:
- immediate pre-hospital care;
- adequate knowledge of handling emergency situations (involves training of personnel);
- adequate supply of pre-hospital care equipment and facilities (enough ambulances and other medical supplies).
What is Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder that can develop after a person is exposed to a traumatic event, such as sexual assault, warfare, traffic collisions, or other threats on a person’s life. Symptoms may include disturbing thoughts, feelings, or dreams related to the events, mental or physical distress to trauma-related cues, attempts to avoid trauma-related cues, alterations in how a person thinks and feels, and increased fight or flight responses. These symptoms last for over a month after the event. Those with PTSD are at a higher risk of suicide and substance abuse. Most people who experience a traumatic event will have reactions that may include shock, anger, nervousness, fear, and even guilt. These reactions are common, and for most people, they go away over time. For a person with PTSD, however, these feelings continue and even increase, becoming so strong that they keep the person from living a normal life. People with PTSD cannot function as well as before the event occurred and it often takes a large toll on their loved-ones.
There are treatments for PTSD, such as talk therapy and medication. Untreated PTSD is very dangerous. If you think that you or a loved one may be suffering from PTSD, see a professional about assessing your situation. Treatment can be very effective in reducing symptoms over time.