Professor Malose Makhubela is a clinical psychologist in private practice and a full professor at the University of Limpopo. He was previously attached to the University of Pretoria and University of Johannesburg. Professor Makhubela’s research is largely focussed on developing better ways to understand psychological attributes, either as latent attributes using novel methodological offshoots of the traditional latent variable framework or through studying individual symptoms of mental disorders and their causal relations. Professor Makhubela’s research endeavours to go beyond traditional linear thinking about psychopathology and its assessment and is geared towards a more complex understanding of mental illness, as best illustrated by the field of complexity science.