Online Readings in Research Methods (ORIM)

ORIM is a peer reviewed, open access applied research methods text published under the auspices of the Division for Research Methods at the Psychological Society of South Africa (PsySSA). The chapters in ORIM are conceptualised as a combination of theoretical and application chapters written by experts in various research methods. Application chapters incorporate original research to illustrate the use of research methods in novel contexts.
Online Readings in Research Methodology (ORIM) Background

Researchers in the social sciences in developing contexts such as South Africa utilise research methods in innovative ways in order to respond to the diversity present in the country’s population as well as to the unique circumstances pertaining to the country. These methods often remain undocumented but if exposed to a broader audience they would have the potential to contribute much to the quality of research scholarship in similar contexts. The chapters in this open access online resource comprise a combination of research theory and applications as a means of disseminating knowledge on best research practices for researchers, practitioners and students. The chapters in the online book are conceptualised as a combination of theoretical and application chapters written by experts in various research methods. More specifically, the chapters summarise the theory underlying a given method and illustrates the method by virtue of an actual research example. Further, each chapter contains discussions on ethical considerations within that specific context that would be relevant to people who might want to use the method. The chapters encompass the descriptive aspects that are provided in existing research methods books but add further depth by exploring, describing and debating the nuanced issues relating to local research from a methods perspective.

Editors’ Statement

The Online Readings in Research Methods (ORIM) is an open-source resource for all researchers, practitioners, educators, and students who have an interest in Social Science research methods, especially as they are adapted to Global South and/or African contexts. We would like to acknowledge and thank all of the authors who have shared their knowledge and work to make this resource possible. In particular we would like to thank the Psychological Society of South Africa (PsySSA) for supporting this publication.

About Online Readings in Research Methods (ORIM)

There is currently a rapid growth in research expertise in South Africa and developing world contexts. This website documents some of this expertise as it pertains to the Social Sciences. The work presented here is an open source resource that consists of peer reviewed chapters that critically examine the utility of a research method or analytic technique in a developing context.

The project was started by a group of African-based academics who hold the strong belief that knowledge should be freely shared and that paywalls create unfair barriers to knowledge, particularly among those who played a role in its creation. Research methods textbooks, journal articles and monographs are typically costly with access restricted to those who can afford the subscription or authorship fees. We created this text with the aim of widening access to knowledge and disseminating rigorously peer reviewed works at no cost. Further, this exchange of knowledge has the potential to facilitate the development of novel techniques built on untapped systems of knowledge from developing contexts.

The audience and cost of publishing in ORIM

ORIM is built on the principles of open access research and scholarship. Access to readers and authors is free. As an Open Access Educational Resource, all content is available free of charge and readers and institutions are encouraged to read, download, distribute, copy, print, and link to full text articles without asking for permission from the publisher, editors or authors.

All work published within this body of work is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0. Under this licence you are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format with the following conditions:

  • Attribution – Always give appropriate credit, give the link to the licence, and indicate any changes made;
  • Non-commercial – You may not use the material for commercial purposes;
  • No Derivatives – If you remix, transform, alter or build on the material, you may not distribute the modified material;
  • No additional restrictions – You may not apply legal or technological measures that restrict others from doing what the licence permits; and

Authors are not charged any submission, page or publication fees to publish a manuscript with ORIM .

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the Executive Director of the Psychological Society of South Africa (PsySSA), Ms. Fatima Seedat, and Dr. Ewald Crause, Ms. Ashley van Heerden and members of the PsySSA council for their generous contributions of their time towards the publication of this online resource.

We are also greatly indebted to many people, who selflessly agreed to review a chapter, purely as an exercise in academic citizenship and as a contribution to a high standard of academic knowledge. We have listed their names below:

  • Professor Pieter Kruger, North-West University
  • Professor Jeannette Maritz, University of South Africa
  • Professor Garth Stevens, University of the Witwatersrand
  • Professor Brett Bowman, University of the Witwatersrand
  • Dr. Malose Makhubela, University of Pretoria
  • Dr. Nicoleen Coetzee, University of Pretoria
  • Dr. Lynlee Howard-Payne, University of the Witwatersrand and Western Sydney University
  • Ms. Lynn Hendricks, Stellenbosch University
  • Saloshni Muthal, University of the Witwatersrand
  • George Angelopulo, University of South Africa

Table of Contents

Editor's Statement

The Online Readings in Research Methods (ORIM) is an open-source resource for all researchers, practitioners, educators, and students who have an interest in Social Science research methods, especially as they are adapted to Global South and/or African contexts. We would like to acknowledge and thank all of the authors who have shared their knowledge and work to make this resource possible. In particular we would like to thank the Psychological Society of South Africa (PsySSA) for supporting this publication.

Chapter 1: Introduction to and application of mixed methods research designs
Chapter 2: Qualitative data analysis: A primer on core approaches
Chapter 3
Chapter 4: Introduction to and application of mixed methods research designs
Share This